SPECIAL TOPIC: ABOMINATION (OT)

The basic meaning is "loathsome" or "repulsive."  It is an intentional violation of known boundaries.

"Abomination" (BDB 1072, KB 1702) can refer to several things:

1. things related to Egyptians:

a. they loathe eating with Hebrews, Gen. 43:32

b. they loathe shepherds, Gen. 46:34

c. they loathe Hebrew sacrifices, Exod. 8:26

 

2. things related to YHWH's feelings toward Israel's actions:

a. unclean food, Deut. 14:3-20

b. idols, Deut. 7:25; 27:15

c. pagan spiritists, Deut. 18:9,12

d. sacrificing (burning) children to Molech, Lev. 18:21; 20:2-5; Deut. 12:31; 18:9,12; 2 Kgs. 16:3; 17:17-18; 21:6; Jer. 32:35

e. Canaanite idolatry, Deut. 13:14; 17:4; 20:17-18; 32:16; Isa. 44:19; Jer. 16:18; Ezek. 5:11; 6:9; 11:18,21; 14:6; 16:50; 18:12

f. sacrificing blemished animals, Deut. 17:1 (cf. Deut. 15:19-23; Mal. 1:12-13)

g. sacrificing to idols, Jer. 44:4-5

h. remarrying a woman who you have previously divorced, Deut. 24:1-4

i. women wearing man's clothes (possibly Canaan worship), Deut. 22:5

j. money from cultic prostitution (Canaanite worship), Deut. 23:18

k. Israel's idolatry, Jer. 2:7

l. homosexuality (possibly Canaanite worship), Lev. 18:22; 20:13

m. use of false weights, Deut. 25:15-16; Pro. 11:1; 20:23

n. food laws violated (possibly Canaanite worship), Deut. 14:3

 

3. Examples in Wisdom Literature:

a. Job 30:10 – Job to his society

b. Psalms 88:8 – psalmist to his acquaintances

c. Proverbs  
(1) Pro. 3:32 – the crooked person
(2) Pro. 6:16-19

(a) haughty eyes, Pro. 6:17a

(b) lying tongue, Pro. 6:17a

(c) murderer, Pro. 6:17b

(d) wicked planner, Pro. 6:18a; 15:26

(e) active evil, Pro. 6:18b

(f) false witness, Pro 6:19a

(g) one who spreads strife among brothers, Pro. 6:19b

     (3)  Pro. 11:1; 20:10,23 – cheating merchants

     (4) Pro. 11:20 – perverse in heart

     (5) Pro. 12:22 – lying lips
(6) Pro. 15:8; 21:27 – sacrifices of the wicked
(7) Pro. 15:9 – the way of the wicked
(8) Pro. 16:5 – proud of heart
(9) Pro. 17:15

(a) he who justifies the wicked

(b) he who condemns the righteous

    (10) Pro. 28:9 – he who violates the law 

4. There is a recurrent eschatological phrase, "abomination of desolation," which is used in Daniel (cf. Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11). It seems to refer to three different occasions (multiple fulfillment prophecy):

a. Antiochus IV Epiphanes of the interbiblical Maccabean period (cf. 1 Macc. 1:54,59; 2 Macc. 6:1-2)

b. the Roman general (later Emperor), Titus, who sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple in a.d. 70 (cf. Matt. 24:15; Mark 13:14; Luke 21:20)

c. an end-time world leader called "the man of lawlessness" (cf. 2 Thess. 2:3-4) or "the Antichrist" (cf. 1 John 2:18; 4:3; Revelation 13)


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