SPECIAL TOPIC: ANOINTING IN THE BIBLE (BDB 603)

  A. Used for beautification (cf. Deut. 28:40; Ruth 3:3; II Sam. 12:20; 14:2; II Chr. 28:15; Dan. 10:3; Amos 6:6; Mic. 6:15)
  B. Used for guests (cf. Ps. 23:5; Luke 7:38,46; John 11:2)
  C. Used for healing (cf. Isa. 61:1; Jer. 51:8; Mark 6:13; Luke 10:34; James 5:14) [used in hygienic sense in Ezek. 16:9]
  D. Used for preparation for burial (cf. Gen. 50:2; II Chr. 16:14; Mark 16:1; John 12:3,7; 19:39-40)
  E. Used in a religious sense (of an object, cf. Gen. 28:18; 31:13 [a pillar]; Exod. 29:26 [the altar]; Exod. 30:26; 40:9-16; Lev. 8:10-13; Num. 7:1 [the tabernacle])
  F. Used for installing leaders
    1. Priests 
      a. Aaron (Exod. 28:41; 29:7; 30:30)
      b. Aaron’s sons (Exod. 40:15; Lev. 7:36)
      c. standard phrase or title (Num. 3:3; Lev. 16:32)
    2. Kings
      a. by God (cf. I Sam. 2:10; II Sam. 12:7; II Kgs. 9:3,6,12; Ps. 45:7; 89:20)
      b. by the prophets (cf. I Sam. 9:16; 10:1; 15:1,17; 16:3,12-13; I Kgs. 1:45; 19:15-16) 
      c. by priests (cf. I Kgs. 1:34,39; II Kgs. 11:12)
      d. by the elders (cf. Jdgs. 9:8,15; II Sam. 2:7; 5:3; II Kgs. 23:30)
      e. of Jesus as Messianic king (cf. Ps. 2:2; Luke 4:18 [Isa. 61:1]; Acts 4:27; 10:38; Heb. 1:9 [Ps. 45:7])
      f.  Jesus’ followers (cf. II Cor. 1:21; I John 2:20,27 [chrisma])
    3. possibly of prophets (cf. Isa. 61:1)
    4. unbelieving instruments of divine deliverance
      a. Cyrus (cf. Isa. 45:1)
      b. King of Tyre (cf. Ezek. 28:14, where he uses Garden of Eden metaphors)
    5. term or title “Messiah” means “an Anointed One” (BDB 603)

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