SPECIAL TOPIC: CHARIOTS (BDB 939)

Two Hebrew forms are used (merkabah, BDB 939; rekeb, KB 636)

 1. Royal or governmental transportation

 a. Egypt – Gen. 41:43; 46:29; 50:9

 b. Israel – 1 Sam. 8:11; 2 Sam. 15:1; 1 Kgs. 1:5; Song of Songs 3:9; Isa. 22:18; Jer. 17:25

 c. Syria – 2 Kgs. 5:21-26

 d. Ethiopia – Acts 8:28,29,38 

 2. Often associated with YHWH

 a. YHWH Himself ("chariot" is linked to "Cherubim" in 1 Chr. 28:18) – Ps. 104:3 (also note Ps. 18:10) 

 b. YHWH's angels – 2 Kgs. 2:11; 6:17; Ps. 68:17; Hab. 3:8; Zech. 6:1-3 

 3. Military weapon (selected examples)

 a. Egypt – Exod. 14:6,7,9,17,18,23,26,28; 15:4,9; Deut. 11:4; Jos. 24:6; Isa. 31:1

 b. Canaanite – Deut. 20:1; Jos. 11:4; 17:16,18; Jdgs. 1:19; 4-5 

 c. Philistine – Jdgs. 1:19; 1 Sam. 13:5; 2 Sam. 1:6

 d. Israelite – 2 Sam. 15:1; 1 Kgs. 10:26-29

4. Hunting vehicle for the rich and powerful

5. They seem to be connected to "Sun" worship (cf. 2 Kgs. 23:5,11; Ezek. 8:16)

 

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