A. Paul's and Peter's use of plural metaphors for the people of God

1. body (cf. 1 Cor. 12:12-20)

2. field (cf. 1 Cor. 3:9)

3. building (cf. 1 Pet. 2:4-5)

B. The term "saint" is always plural (except Phil. 4:21, but even there it is also corporate)

C. The Reformation emphasis of Martin Luther on the "priesthood of the believer" (i.e., soul competency) is a biblical assumption. In reality the Bible speaks of "the priesthood of believers" (cf. Exod. 19:6; 1 Pet. 2:5,9; Rev. 1:6).

D.  Each believer is gifted for the common good (cf. 1 Cor. 12:7)

E. Only in cooperation can the people of God be effective. Ministry is corporate (cf. Eph. 4:11-12).


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