This phrase is an obvious reference to the Second Coming of Christ. This coming on the clouds was a very significant eschatological sign. It was used in three distinct ways in the OT.

1. to show God's physical presence, the Shekinah cloud of Glory (cf. Exod. 13:21; 14:19,20,24; 16:10; Num. 11:25)

2. to cover His Holiness so that man would not see Him and die (cf. Exod. 33:20; Isa. 6:5)

3. to transport Deity (cf. Ps. 18:9; 104:3; Isa. 19:1; Nah. 1:3)

In Daniel 7:13 clouds were used as the transportation of the divine, human Messiah. This prophecy in Daniel is alluded to over 30 times in the NT. This same connection of the Messiah with the clouds of heaven can be seen in Matt. 24:30; Mark 13:26; Luke 21:27; Acts 1:9,11; 1 Thess. 4:17; Rev. 1:7.

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