SPECIAL TOPIC: LIONS IN THE OT (BDB 71)

Often an individual's or nation's power is described as being like a lion, the king of the predators.

1. Judah, Gen. 49:9; Micah 5:8

2. YHWH on Israel's behalf, Num. 24:9; Isa. 31:4; 35:9; Hos. 11:10

3. Israel as a defeated lion, Ezekiel 19

4. tribe of Dan, Deut. 33:22

5. David's power over lions, 1 Sam. 17:34-37

6. Saul and Jonathan, 2 Sam. 1:23

7. symbolic protectors of the throne of Solomon, 1 Kgs. 10:19-20

8. God uses lions as punishment, 1 Kgs. 13,20-28; 20:36; 2 Kgs. 17:25-26; Isa. 15:9; metaphor in Job 4:10 and Jer. 2:30; 49:19; 50:44; Lam. 3:10; Amos 3:4,8,12; 5:19; Hos. 5:14; 13:7-8; Nah. 2:11-12

9. describe David's enemies from whom God will deliver him, Ps. 7:2; 10:9; 17:12; 22:13,21

10.  a metaphor for unknown evil, Pro. 22:13; 26:13; 28:15 

11.  used to describe Babylon's military, Jer. 4:7; 49:19-22; 51:38

12.  the military of the nations against God's people, Jer. 5:6; 25:32-38; 50:17; Joel 1:6

13.  how God's people treat Him, Jer. 12:8

14.  how God's leaders treat the people, Ezek. 22:25; Zeph. 3:3

15.  metaphor for king's anger, Pro. 19:12; 20:2

16.  metaphor for the godly, Pro. 28:1

17.  metaphor for the Messiah, Gen. 49:9; Rev. 5:5

18. In light of usage #11 and 12 in Jeremiah, Daniel's metaphor of the Babylonian military as a fast moving lion is obvious. Empires of the Fertile Crescent often used lions to symbolize the nation (e.g., the winged lions on the Ishtar Gate of the city of Babylon).

Copyright © 2013 Bible Lessons International