SPECIAL TOPIC: LORD (kurios)
The Greek term "Lord" (kurios) can be used in a general sense or in a developed theological sense. It can mean "mister," "sir," "master," "owner," "husband" (cf. John 4:11) or "the full God-man" (cf. John 9:36,38). The OT (Hebrew, adon, BDB 10, KB 12) usage of this term came from the later Jews' reluctance to pronounce the covenant name for God, YHWH, which was a form of the Hebrew verb "to be" (cf. Exod. 3:14; see Special Topic: Names for Deity). They were afraid of breaking the Commandment which said, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain" (cf. Exod. 20:7; Deut. 5:11). Therefore, they thought if they did not pronounce it, they could not take it in vain. So when they read the Scripture, they substituted the Hebrew word adon, which has a similar meaning to the Greek word kurios (Lord). The NT authors used this term to denote the full deity of Christ (cf. Acts 2:36; 10:36; 11:20; 2 Cor. 4:5; Col. 2:6). The phrase "Jesus is Lord" was the public confession of faith and a baptismal formula of the early church (cf. Rom. 10:9-13; 1 Cor. 12:3; Phil. 2:11).
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