SPECIAL TOPIC: LOVINGKINDNESS (hesed)

This term (BDB 338-339) has a wide semantic field.

A. Used in connection to human beings

1. kindness to fellow men (e.g., 1 Sam. 20:14; 2 Chr. 24:22)

2. kindness toward the poor and needy (e.g., Micah 6:8)

3. affection (cf. Jer. 2:2; Hos. 6:4)

4. appearance (cf. Isa. 40:6)

B. Used in connection to God

1. covenant loyalty and love

a. "in redemption from enemies and troubles" (e.g., Jer. 31:3; Ezra 7:28; 9:9) 

b. "in preservation of life from death" (e.g., Job 10:12; Ps. 86:13)

c. "in quickening of spiritual life" (e.g., Ps. 119:41,76,88,124,149,159)

d. "in redemption from sin" (cf. Ps. 25:7; 51:1)

e. "in keeping the covenants" (e.g., 2 Chr. 6:14; Neh. 1:5; 9:32)

2. describes a divine attribute (e.g., Exod. 34:6; Micah 7:20)

3. kindness of God

a. "abundant" (e.g., Neh. 9:17; Ps. 103:8)

b. "great in extent" (e.g., Exod. 20:6; Deut. 5:10; 7:9)

c. "everlasting" (e.g., 1 Chr. 16:34,41; 2 Chr. 5:13; 7:3,6; 20:21; Ezra 3:11)

4. deeds of kindness (e.g., 2 Chr. 6:42; Ps. 89:2; Isa. 55:3; 63:7; Lam. 3:22) 

 

Copyright © 2013 Bible Lessons International