This verb (BDB 439, KB 441, Qal perfect) is used repeatedly in connection with

1. YHWH's promise/oath to the Patriarchs (cf. Deut. 1:8; 10:11)

2. Israel acting on these promises and invading the land (cf. Deut. 2:24; 3:18-20)

3. It parallels "inheritance" (Deut. 3:28)

4. Israel must obey the covenant so as to maintain possession of the land (cf. Deut. 4:1,5,14; 6:1; 8:1; 11:8-9,26-32; see Special Topic: Keep)


In YHWH's promise to Abraham (Genesis 12) He focuses on two things: (1) Abraham's descendant(s) and (2) the Promised Land (i.e., Canaan, cf. Gen. 15:12-21).  The OT focuses on #2 and the NT on #1.  IT must be remembered that the land promised to Israel is conditioned on covenant obedience (cf. Deuteronomy 27-30).  Disobedience brought about the Assyrian and Babylonian exiles.

I am not sure that the modern state of Israel (i.e., 1947) is a fulfillment of OT prophecies because it is not a repentant, obedient nation.  Only 5% of its citizens attend synagogue regularly.  It is a modern, secular, European-type democracy.  They are political allies but not the righteous Israel of the OT promises.

Many have tried to make the promises racial (i.e., Gen. 12:1-3) but most modern Jews are not the physical descendants of Abraham (i.e., Semitic) but proselyte converts from Europe (i.e., Khazars of Turkish origin, who converted to Judaism about a.d. 740) or Africa (i.e., Ethiopian Jews).

The covenant of YHWH (see Special Topic Covenant) is conditional!


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