SPECIAL TOPIC: THE REMNANT (BDB 984), THREE SENSES

The OT concept of "a faithful remnant" is a recurrent theme of the Prophets (mostly in the eighth century prophets and Jeremiah).  It is used in three senses:

1. those who survived the Exile (e.g., Isa. 10:20-23; 17:4-6; 37:4,31-32; 46:3; Jer. 23:3; 31:7-8; 42:15,19; 44:12,14,28; Micah 2:12; 5:7-8; 7:18)

2. those who remain faithful to YHWH (e.g., Isa. 4:1-5; 11:11,16; 28:5; Joel 2:32; Amos 5:14-15)

3. those who are a part of the eschatological renewal and recreation (e.g., Amos 9:11-15; Zech. 8:6)

The parable of the soils in Mark 4:1-20 and Matt. 13:1-23, which quote Isa. 6:9-10, is a good example of how the NT understands this term (also note Rom. 9:6 in reference to Israel of Paul's day).

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