SPECIAL TOPIC: SHADDAI

This is the non-Hebrew term/title, Shaddai (always plural), not the common "El shaddai," which was the Patriarch's name for Deity, cf. Exod. 6:3). The word Shaddai (BDB 994, KB 1420) is an unknown root. Notice the possibilities.

1. שׁדד, BDB 994 , KB 1418, a verb that means “to deal violently with” or “despoil” (noun, “violence” or “havoc,” BDB 994)

2. שׁד, BDB 993, KB 1417, an Assyrian or Akkadian word for a protecting spirit or a demon

3. שׁד, BDB 994, KB 1416, a woman’s breast or mother (cf. Job 24:9)

4. שׁדה, BDB 994, KB 1420, a rare word, possibly “to pour out” (i.e., God as rain giver)

5. שׁדי, BDB 994-5, KB 1420-1422, root meaning unknown; here are some guesses

a. self-sufficient (rabbis)

b. mighty (from #1 and/or Arabic root)

c. rain giver (from #4)

d. high god (Assyrian) or mountain god (Akkadian)

The book of Job uses several names for Deity.

1. Elohim – only in Job 1-2

2. El – many times, first in Job 5:8

3. Eloah – many ties, first in Jog 3:4

4. Shaddai – 31 times, first in Job 5:17, but mostly in chapters 21-22,27.

It is first used without "El" in Num. 24:4,16 and again in Ruth (cf. 1:20,21).  It is found in the Psalms only twice without "El" (cf. Ps. 68:14; 91:1).  It is found in the Prophets only in

a. Isa. 13:6

b. Ezek. 1:24

c. Joel 1:15

 

 

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