SPECIAL TOPIC: SHAME (several Hebrew and Greek words ) IN ITS THEOLOGICAL SENSE

"Shame" denotes the judgment of God on sin (i.e., Gen. 2:25, no guilt, compared to Gen. 3:10, fear, guilt, and a sense of disfellowship). Note the antithetical parallelism of Psalm 31:17a compared with 31:17b. Shame is associated with judgment in 2 Chr. 32:21; Psalm 53:5; 119:1-8,80; Dan. 12:2.

Shame is not just injury to one's reputation or pride, but a serious violation of covenant requirements and loss of fellowship with God. It is often used of idolaters (cf. Exod. 32:25; Ps. 97:7; Isa. 42:17; 44:9,11; 45:16; Jer. 50:2; 51:17).  For people of the ANE, "shame" was a horrible condition.  It affected the very core of one's being (cf. Ps. 69:20).

The great promise of no shame for those who put their trust in YHWH (cf. Ps. 25:2-3,20; 31:1,17; 119:6,31,41; Isa. 49:23; Jer. 17:18; Joel 2:27) is repeated in the NT in Rom. 9:33; 1 Pet. 2:6; 1 John 2:28.

The "cross of Christ" is called a "shame" (cf. Heb. 6:6; 12:2).  those who oppose the gospel will have their "glory" turned to shame!

 

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