This common term is used in several theological senses in the New Testament

1. to establish

a. the OT Law, Rom. 3:31

b. one's own righteousness, Rom. 10:3

c. the new covenant, Heb. 10:9

d. a charge, 2 Cor. 13:1

e. God's truth, 2 Tim. 2:19

2. to resist spiritually

a. the devil, Eph. 6:11

b. in the day of judgment, Rev. 6:17

3. to resist by standing one's ground

a. military metaphor, Eph. 6:14

b. civil metaphor, Rom. 14:4

4. a position in truth, John 8:44

5. a position in grace

a. Rom. 5:2

b. 1 Cor. 15:1

c. 1 Pet. 5:12

6. a position in faith

a. Rom. 11:20

b. 1 Cor. 7:37

c. 1 Cor. 15:1 

d. 2 Cor. 1:24

7. a position of arrogance, 1 Cor. 10:12

This term expresses both the covenantal grace and mercy of a sovereign God and the fact that believers need to respond to it and cling to it by faith!  Both are biblical truths. They must be held together!  See Special Topic: Covenant and Special Topic: Paradox in Scripture


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