1. God the Father

a. God is true/trustworthy (cf. John 3:33; 7:18,28; 8:26; 17:3; Rom. 3:4; 1 Thess. 1:9; 1 John 5:20; Rev. 6:10)

b. God's ways are true (cf. Rev. 15:3)

c. God's judgments are true (cf. Rev. 16:7; 19:2)

d. God's sayings are true (cf. Rev. 19:11)

2. God the Son

a. the Son is true/truth

1) true light (cf. John 1:9; 1 John 2:8)

2) true vine (cf. John 15:1)

3) full of grace and truth (cf. John 1:14,17)

4) He is truth (cf. John 14:6; 8:32)

5) He is true (cf. Rev. 3:7,14; 19:11)

b. the Son's testimony/witness is true (cf. John 18:37)

3. It can have a comparative sense

a. the law of Moses versus Jesus' grace and truth (cf. John 1:17)

b. the tabernacle in the wilderness versus the heavenly tabernacle (cf. Heb. 8:2; 9:1)

4. As so often in John's writings this word had several connotations (Hebraic and Greek).  John uses them all to describe the Father and the Son, as persons, as speakers, and as their message which is to be passed on to their followers (cf. John 4:23; 19:35; Heb. 10:22; Rev. 22:6).

5. For John these two adjectives describe the Father as the one and only trustworthy Deity (cf. 5:44; 1 John 5:20) and Jesus as His true and complete revelation for the purpose of redemptive, not just cognitive, facts!


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