SPECIAL TOPIC: THE TWO "CITIES" OF ISAIAH

A. Isaiah chapters 24-27 are a literary unit positioned at the conclusion of a series of judgment oracles against the surrounding nations found in Isaiah 13-23.  Judgment is not the last word!  The God of grace and mercy has an eternal, inclusive, redemptive plan!

 

B. This entire section is a play on two cities.

 1. the cities formed by the fallen human children of Cain, who try to meet their needs completely in their own resources (i.e., Genesis 10-11).

  2. the city of Zion, where God dwells (i.e., above the wings of the two Cherubim over the Ark of the covenant in the holiest inner shrine of the temple in Jerusalem) and where His people (Jew and Gentile) come to Him and worship Him (cf. 2:2-4; 19:18-25; Heb. 11:10; 12:22; 13:14; Rev. 21:1-2).

 

C. Cities represent people groups/nations.

Human Cities   God’s City
1:7,8, burned Judean cities 1:26, the city of righteousness, a faithful city
1:21, the faithful city has become a harlot

6:11, Judean cities devastated

14:17,21, all cities devastated

14:31 cities of Philistia

17:1-3,9, cities of Syria ruined

 
19:2, cities of Egypt destroy each other  19:18-22, Egyptian cities worship God

19:23-25, all Egypt and Assyria included in God’s people

22:2,9, the exultant city, Jerusalem falls

23, Tyre destroyed

24:1-25:5, universal destruction of cities

 
25:10-12, Moab and her palace, fortified   25:6-9, banquet on God’s mountain (i.e., cities trampled  Jerusalem)
26:5, the unassailable city, probably Moab 26:1, a strong city, Jerusalem, restored
27:10, fortified cities fall

29:1, "Ariel” (Jerusalem)

33:2,19, the jubilant city (Jerusalem)

 
  45:13, My city (cf. 44:23)
48:2, the holy city, but in name only  
  52:1-6, the holy city

60:14, the city of the Lord

62:12, a city not forsaken

66:6, a voice of uproar from the city, a voice from the temple  

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