The Hebrew term ruach (BDB 924) and the Greek term pneuma can mean "spirit," "breath" or "wind" (see Special Topic: Spirit in the Bible)  The Spirit is often associated with creation (cf. Gen. 1:2; Job 26:13; Ps. 104:30). The OT does not clearly define the relationship between God and His Spirit (see Special Topic: The Trinity). In Job 28:26-28; Ps. 104:24 and Pro. 3:19; 8:22-23 God used "wisdom" (BDB 315, a feminine noun, cf. Pro. 8:12) to create all things. In the NT Jesus is said to be God's agent in creation (cf. John 1:1-3; 1 Cor. 8:6; Col. 1:15-17; Heb. 1:2-3). As in redemption, so too, in creation, all three persons of the Godhead are involved. Genesis 1 itself does not emphasize any secondary cause (cf. Isa. 45:5-7).

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