God always takes the initiative in calling, electing, and wooing believers to Himself (cf. John 6:44,65; 15:16; 1 Cor. 1:1-2; Eph. 1:4-5,11). The term "calling" is used in several theological senses.

A. In the OT "calling on the name" was always in a worship context (cf. Gen. 4:26; 12:8; 21:33; 26:25; Exod. 34:5).


B. Sinners are called to salvation by the grace of God (i.e., Exod. 34:6-7) through the finished work of Christ and the conviction of the Spirit (i.e., klētos, cf. Rom. 1:6-7; 9:24, which is theologically similar to 1 Cor. 1:1-2 and 2 Tim. 1:9; 2 Pet. 1:10).


C. Sinners call on the name of the Lord to be saved (i.e., epikaleō, cf. Acts 2:21; 22:16; Rom. 10:9-13). This statement is a Jewish worship idiom.


D. Believers call on His Name in times of crisis and stress (i.e., Acts 7:59).


E. Believers are called to live Christlike lives (i.e., klēsis, cf. 1 Cor. 1:26; 7:20; Eph. 4:1; Phil. 3:14; 2 Thess. 1:11; 2 Tim. 1:9).


F.  Believers are called to ministry tasks (cf. Acts 13:2; 1 Cor. 12:4-7; Eph. 4:1).


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