SPECIAL TOPIC: GREEK VERB TENSES USED FOR SALVATION

Salvation is not a product, but a relationship. It is not finished when one trusts Christ; it has only begun (a gate and then a road, cf. Matthew 7)!  It is not a fire insurance policy, nor a ticket to heaven, but a life of growing Christlikeness.  We have a proverbial saying in America that says the longer a couple lives together, the more they begin to look alike.  This is the goal of salvation!

SALVATION AS A COMPLETED ACTION (aorist)

• Acts 15:11

• Romans 8:24

• 2 Timothy 1:9

• Titus 3:5

• Romans 13:11 (combines the aorist with a future orientation)

SALVATION AS A STATE OF BEING (perfect)

• Ephesians 2:5,8

SALVATION AS A CONTINUING PROCESS (present)

• 1 Corinthians 1:18; 15:2

• 2 Corinthians 2:15

• 1 Peter 3:21

SALVATION AS A FUTURE CONSUMMATION (future in verb tense or context)

• Romans 5:9,10; 10:9,13

• 1 Corinthians 3:15; 5:5

• Philippians 1:28

• 1 Thessalonians 5:8-9

• Hebrews 1:14; 9:28

• 1 Peter 1:5

Therefore, salvation begins with an initial faith decision (cf. John 1:12; 3:16; Rom. 10:9-13), but this must issue in lifestyle faith (cf. Rom. 8:29; Gal. 2:19-20; Eph. 1:4; 2:10), which will one day be consummated in sight (cf. 1 John 3:2).  This final state is called glorification (cf. Rom. 8:28-30).  This can be illustrated as

1. initial salvation—justification (saved from the penalty of sin)

2. progressive salvation—sanctification (saved from the power of sin)

3. final salvation—glorification (saved from the presence of sin)

 

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