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1 Chronicles 16

PARAGRAPH DIVISIONS OF MODERN TRANSLATIONS

 NASB  NKJV  NRSV  TEV   NJB
(LXX versing)
A Tent for the Ark The Ark Placed in the Tabernacle A Service of Dedication, and Further Arrangements Moving the Covenant Box to Jerusalem
(15:25-16:7)
The Ark Brought to Jerusalem
(15:25-16:3)
16:1-3 16:1-3 16:1-3 16:1-3 16:1-3
The Service of the Levites Before the Ark
16:4-6 16:4-6 16:4-6 16:4-7 16:4-7
David's Song of Thanksgiving
16:7 16:7 16:7
Psalm of Thanksgiving A Song of Praise
16:8-36
 (8-36)
16:8-13
 (8-13)
16:8-13
 (8-13)
16:8-18
 (8-18)
16:8-9
 (8-9)
16:10-11
 (10-11)
16:12-13
 (12-13)
16:14-22
 (14-22)
16:14-18
 (14-18)
16:14
 (14)
16:15-16
 (15-16)
16:17-18
 (17-18)
16:19-22
 (19-22)
16:19-22
 (19-22)
16:19
 (19)
16:20-22
 (20-22)
16:23-24
 (23-24)
16:23-27
 (23-27)
16:23-24
 (23-24)
16:23-24
 (23-24)
16:25-27
 (25-27)
16:25-27
 (25-27)
16:25-26a
 (25-26a)
16:26b-27
 (26b-27)
16:28-30
 (28-30)
16:28-34
 (28-34)
16:28-33
 (28-33)
16:28-29a
 (28-29a)
16:29b-30a
 (29b-30a)
16:30b-33
 (30b-33)
16:31-33
 (31-33)
16:34-36
 (34-36)
16:34-36
 (34-36a)
16:34
 (34)
16:35-36
 (35-36a)
16:35
 (35)
Worship Before the Ark Regular Worship Maintained Worship at Jerusalem and Gibeon 16:36a
 (36a)
16:36b
 (36b)
16:37-42 16:37-43 16:37-42 16:37-38 16:37-38
16:39-42 16:39-42
16:43 16:43 16:43 16:43

READING CYCLE THREE (see "Bible Interpretation Seminar")

FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR'S INTENT AT THE PARAGRAPH LEVEL

This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Each of us must walk in the light we have. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. You must not relinquish this to a commentator.

Read the chapter in one sitting. Identify the subjects. Compare your subject divisions with the five translations above. Paragraphing is not inspired, but it is the key to following the original author's intent, which is the heart of interpretation. Every paragraph has one and only one subject.

  1. First paragraph
  2. Second paragraph
  3. Etc.

WORD AND PHRASE STUDY

NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 16:1-3
1And they brought in the ark of God and placed it inside the tent which David had pitched for it, and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God. 2When David had finished offering the burnt offering and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord. 3He distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread and a portion of meat and a raisin cake.

16:1 "the ark of God" See SPECIAL TOPIC: ARK OF THE COVENANT.

▣ "inside the tent which David had pitched for it" See notes at 1 Chr. 15:1,3.

▣ "burnt offerings and peace offerings" See SPECIAL TOPIC: SACRIFICIAL SYSTEMS OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST.

16:2 "in the name of the Lord" See SPECIAL TOPIC: "THE NAME" OF YHWH (OT).

16:3 All Israel participated in the peace offerings.

LXX, Peshitta, Vulgate, NASB, NKJV, NJB, REB  "a portion of meat"
NET Bible, TEV footnote, JB  "cake of dates"
JPSOA  "a cake made in a pan"
Targum  "a portion"

The Hebrew term (BDB 80, cf. 2 Sam. 6:19) is uncertain. The ancient versions took their guess from the context of a peace offering.

NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 16:4-6
4He appointed some of the Levites as ministers before the ark of the Lord, even to celebrate and to thank and praise the Lord God of Israel: 5Asaph the chief, and second to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-edom and Jeiel, with musical instruments, harps, lyres; also Asaph played loud-sounding cymbals, 6and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests blew trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God.

16:4 "he appointed" David organized the Levites for tabernacle worship (cf. 1 Chronicles 23-27; see Roland deVaux, Ancient Israel, "The Levites in the Work of the Chronicler," pp. 390-394).

  1. at the ark in Jerusalem (cf. 1 Chr. 16:37-38)
  2. at the High Place at Gibeon (cf. 1 Chr. 16:39)

▣ "praise" This term (BDB 392, KB 389) is used over six times in this chapter. This is surely a Psalm of Thanksgiving.

SPECIAL TOPIC: THANKSGIVING

16:5 "second to him" See note at 1 Chr. 15:18 on BDB 1041.

▣ "Jeiel" This name appears as "Jaaziel" in 1 Chr. 15:18 and "Aziel" in 1 Chr. 15:20. The UBS Text Project, p. 419, offers two comments.

  1. It gives "Jeiel" in this text a "B" rating (some doubt).
  2. However, it suggests the original name was "Jaaziel."

Why these names are different is uncertain.

16:6 "the priests" See SPECIAL TOPIC: LEVITICAL PRIESTS.

▣ "covenant" SPECIAL TOPIC: COVENANT.

NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 16:7-36
7Then on that day David first assigned Asaph and his relatives to give thanks to the Lord.
8Oh give thanks to the Lord, call upon His name;
 Make known His deeds among the peoples.
9Sing to Him, sing praises to Him;
 Speak of all His wonders.
10Glory in His holy name;
 Let the heart of those who seek the Lord be glad.
11Seek the Lord and His strength;
 Seek His face continually.
12Remember His wonderful deeds which He has done,
 His marvels and the judgments from His mouth,
13O seed of Israel His servant,
 Sons of Jacob, His chosen ones!
14He is the Lord our God;
 His judgments are in all the earth.
15Remember His covenant forever,
 The word which He commanded to a thousand generations,
16The covenant which He made with Abraham,
 And His oath to Isaac.
17He also confirmed it to Jacob for a statute,
 To Israel as an everlasting covenant,
18Saying, "To you I will give the land of Canaan,
 As the portion of your inheritance."
19When they were only a few in number,
 Very few, and strangers in it,
20And they wandered about from nation to nation,
 And from one kingdom to another people,
21He permitted no man to oppress them,
 And He reproved kings for their sakes, saying,
22"Do not touch My anointed ones,
 And do My prophets no harm."
23Sing to the Lord, all the earth;
 Proclaim good tidings of His salvation from day to day.
24Tell of His glory among the nations,
 His wonderful deeds among all the peoples.
25For great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised;
 He also is to be feared above all gods.
26For all the gods of the peoples are idols,
 But the Lord made the heavens.
27Splendor and majesty are before Him,
 Strength and joy are in His place.
28Ascribe to the Lord, O families of the peoples,
 Ascribe to the Lord glory and strength.
29Ascribe to the Lord the glory due His name;
 Bring an offering, and come before Him;
 Worship the Lord in holy array.
30Tremble before Him, all the earth;
 Indeed, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved.
31Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice;
 And let them say among the nations, "The Lord reigns."
32Let the sea roar, and all it contains;
 Let the field exult, and all that is in it.
33Then the trees of the forest will sing for joy before the Lord;
 For He is coming to judge the earth.
34O give thanks to the Lord, for He is good;
 For His lovingkindness is everlasting.
35Then say, "Save us, O God of our salvation,
 And gather us and deliver us from the nations,
 To give thanks to Your holy name,
 And glory in Your praise."
36Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel,
 From everlasting even to everlasting.
Then all the people said, "Amen," and praised the Lord.

16:8-36 This is David's Psalm of Thanksgiving and Praise to YHWH. It has many commands calling on "all Israel" to recognize and extol their God.

  1. 1 Chr. 15:8 ‒ "give thanks" ‒ BDB 392, KB 389, Hiphil IMPERATIVE
  2. 1 Chr. 15:8 ‒ "call upon" ‒ BDB 894, KB 1128, Qal IMPERATIVE
  3. 1 Chr. 15:8 ‒ "make known" ‒ BDB 393, KB 390, Hiphil IMPERATIVE
  4. 1 Chr. 15:9 ‒ "sing" ‒ BDB 1010, KB 1479, Qal IMPERATIVE
  5. 1 Chr. 15:9 ‒ "sing praises" ‒ BDB 274, KB 273, Piel IMPERATIVE
  6. 1 Chr. 15:9 ‒ "speak" (lit. "meditate") ‒ BDB 967, KB 1319, Qal IMPERATIVE
  7. 1 Chr. 15:10 ‒ "glory" (lit. "be boastful" or "praise") ‒ BDB 237, KB 248, Hithpael IMPERATIVE
  8. 1 Chr. 15:10 ‒ "be glad" ‒ BDB 970, KB 1333, Qal IMPERFECT used in a JUSSIVE sense
  9. 1 Chr. 15:11 ‒ "seek" ‒ BDB 205, KB 233, Qal IMPERATIVE
  10. 1 Chr. 15:11 ‒ "seek" ‒ BDB 134, KB 152, Piel IMPERATIVE
  11. 1 Chr. 15:12,15 ‒ "remember ‒ BDB 269, KB 269, Qal IMPERATIVE
  12. Same as #11.
  13. 1 Chr. 15:22 ‒ "do not touch My anointed ones" ‒ BDB 619, KB 668, Qal IMPERFECT used in a JUSSIVE sense
  14. 1 Chr. 15:22 ‒ "do My prophets no harm" ‒ BDB 949, KB 1269, Hiphil IMPERFECT used in a JUSSIVE sense
  15. 1 Chr. 15:23 ‒ "sing" ‒ same as #4
  16. 1 Chr. 15:23 ‒ "proclaim good tidings" ‒ BDB 142, KB 163, Piel IMPERATIVE
  17. 1 Chr. 15:24 ‒ "tell" ‒ BDB 707, KB 765, Piel IMPERATIVE
  18. 1 Chr. 15:28-29 ‒ "ascribe" (thrice) ‒ BDB 396, KB 393, Qal IMPERATIVES
  19. Same as #18.
  20. Same as #18.
  21. 1 Chr. 15:29 ‒ "bring" ‒ BDB 669, KB 724, Qal IMPERATIVE
  22. 1 Chr. 15:29 ‒ "come" ‒ BDB 97, KB 112, Qal IMPERATIVE
  23. 1 Chr. 15:29 ‒ "worship" (lit. "bow down") ‒ BDB 1005, KB 295, Hishtapel IMPERATIVE
  24. 1 Chr. 15:30 ‒ "tremble" ‒ BDB 296, KB 297, Qal IMPERATIVE
  25. 1 Chr. 15:31 ‒ "be glad" ‒ same as #8
  26. 1 Chr. 15:31 ‒ "rejoice" ‒ BDB 162, KB 189, Qal JUSSIVE
  27. 1 Chr. 15:31 ‒ "say" ‒ BDB 55, KB 65, Qal IMPERFECT used in a JUSSIVE sense
  28. 1 Chr. 15:32 ‒ "roar" (lit. "thunder") ‒ BDB 947, KB 1266, Qal IMPERFECT used in a JUSSIVE sense
  29. 1 Chr. 15:32 ‒ "exult" ‒ BDB763, KB 836, Qal IMPERFECT used in a JUSSIVE sense
  30. 1 Chr. 15:34 ‒ "give thanks" ‒ same as #1
  31. 1 Chr. 15:35 ‒ "say"‒ same as #27
  32. 1 Chr. 15:35 ‒ "save us"‒ BDB 446, KB 448, Hiphil IMPERATIVE
  33. 1 Chr. 15:35 ‒ "gather us"‒ BDB 867, KB 1062, Piel IMPERFECT
  34. 1 Chr. 15:35 ‒ "deliver us"‒ BDB 664, KB 717, Hiphil IMPERATIVE

16:9 "wonders" The same term is also in 1 Chr. 15:12.

SPECIAL TOPIC: WONDERFUL THINGS (OT)

16:10 "those who seek the Lord" This VERBAL (BDB 134, KB 152, Piel PARTICIPLE) shows the orientation of the heart towards Deity!

  1. seek Him with all your heart ‒ Deut. 4:29; 2 Chr. 11:16; 15:15; Jer. 29:13
  2. seek His face ‒ 2 Chr. 7:14; Ps. 27:8; 105:4; Hos. 5:15
  3. seek and be glad ‒ Ps. 40:17; 70:5

The sovereign covenant God demands a faith response from His followers (i.e., Gen. 15:6; Isa. 28:16; Jer. 33:3; Joel 2:32). This denoted love, obedience, worship, and availability to serve Him.

SPECIAL TOPIC: WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO "RECEIVE," "BELIEVE," "CONFESS/PROFESS," AND "CALL UPON"?

16:12 "remember His wonderful deeds" The NIDOTTE, vol. 3, p. 616 has a good list of how this word is used. YHWH's wonderful deeds are to be

  1. remembered ‒ here; Ps. 105:5
  2. extolled ‒ Ps. 89:5; 107:8; 139:14
  3. meditated on ‒ Ps. 105:2; 119:27; 145:5
  4. proclaimed ‒ 1 Chr. 16:24; Ps. 9:1; 26:7; 75:1; 78:4; 96:3

God is the God who acts. Idols are nothing (cf. 1 Chr. 16:26) and do not have "any" wonderful deeds!

▣ "judgments" See SPECIAL TOPIC: TERMS FOR GOD'S REVELATION.

16:13 "O seed of Israel" Psalm 105:6 is exactly the same except for "Israel" it has "Abraham." The Chronicler may have wanted to expand the Patriarchal promises (note, "all the earth" in the next line). What started with Abraham, transferred to his seed, and eventually to all humans.

SPECIAL TOPIC: YHWH'S ETERNAL REDEMPTIVE PLAN

▣ "Israel His servant" See SPECIAL TOPIC: MY SERVANT.

▣ "His chosen ones" See SPECIAL TOPIC: HE CHOSE US.

16:14 "in all the earth" This Psalm is universal in its scope (cf. 1 Chr. 16:14,23,24,28,30).

SPECIAL TOPIC: LAND, COUNTRY, EARTH (OT)

16:15 "forever" This term is also used in 1 Chr. 16:17b.

SPECIAL TOPIC: FOREVER ('olam)

▣ "to a thousand generations" This is a parallel phrase to "forever" in line 1 (cf. 1 Chr. 16:36b).

16:16-17 This refers to the covenant promises to the Patriarchs.

  1. Abraham ‒ Gen. 12:1-3; 15:18-21; 17:1-5; 22:16-18
  2. Isaac ‒ Gen. 26:2-5
  3. Jacob ‒ Gen. 28:13; 35:11-12

It is an eternal covenant (cf. Gen. 17:7,8,13,19; Jdgs. 2:1; 2 Sam. 7:13-16,24,26; Ps. 105:8-10) but it is conditional (cf. Leviticus 26; Deuteronomy 27-30)! Obedience to the Mosaic law is crucial, not optional.

SPECIAL TOPIC: COVENANT PROMISES TO THE PATRIARCHS

16:18 This promise of a land passed from the Patriarchs to Israel (cf. Exod. 6:4,8; Deut. 4:38,40; 5:31; 19:10; 20:16; 21:23; Jos. 1:2,3,6,11,13,15; 2:9,24; 18:3; 21:43; 24:13). The promise to Abraham focused on:

  1. a seed
  2. a land
  3. a blessing for them and the world (cf. Gen. 12:3)

16:20-22 This reflects Genesis 20. Therefore, the terms "My anointed ones" and "My prophets" refer to the Patriarchs (esp. Abraham).

It is possible that 1 Chr. 16:21 refers to the wilderness wandering period (cf. Ps. 105:8-15). Whenever, wherever God's people went, He was with them and for them!

16:22 "anointed" See SPECIAL TOPIC: "ANOINTING" IN THE BIBLE.

16:23 "all the earth" See note at 1 Chr. 16:14.

▣ "His salvation" See SPECIAL TOPIC: SALVATION (OT Term).

16:24 "tell of His glory among the nations" This is what the phrase "a kingdom of priests" (cf. Exod. 19:5-6) implies. God wants the nations to know Him and seek Him (cf. 1 Chr. 16:31).

SPECIAL TOPIC: YHWH'S ETERNAL REDEMPTIVE PLAN

16:25-26 This is an emphasis on monotheism.

SPECIAL TOPIC: MONOTHEISM

16:25 "For great is the Lord" This is a recurrent affirmation (NIDOTTE, vol. 1, p. 825).

  1. God (El) ‒ Deut. 7:21; 10:17; Neh. 1:5; 9:32; Ps. 77:13; 95:3; Jer. 32:18; Dan. 9:4
  2. God (Elohim) ‒ 1 Chr. 2:5; Neh. 8:6
  3. Lord (YHWH) ‒ Exod. 18:11; here; Ps. 48:1; 96:4; 99:2; 135:5; 145:3; Jer. 10:6
  4. the Holy One of Israel ‒ Isa. 12:6
  5. Lord (Adon) ‒ Ps. 147:5
  6. God as king ‒ Ps. 47:2; 95:3; Mal. 1:14

SPECIAL TOPIC: NAMES FOR DEITY

16:26
NASB, NKJV, NRSV, REB, LXX  "idols"
NJB  "nothingness"
JPSOA  "mere idols"
NET Bible  "worthless"

This NOUN (BDB 47), in its PLURAL form, is very similar to Elohim . This is a sound play on the gods of the nations. The BDB mentions its etymology is uncertain but suggests "weak," "feeble," "poor," or "worthless."

These gods have a physical form (i.e., manmade image, cf. Peshitta) but no true reality. They are blind, deaf, mute, and unknowing!

▣ "the Lord made the heavens" This is an idiomatic way of asserting YHWH as creator (cf. Gen. 1:1; 2:4; Exod. 20:11; 31:17; 2 Kgs. 19:15; Neh. 9:6; Ps. 33:6; 95:5; 102:25; 115:15; 121:2; 124:8; 134:3; 146:6; Pro. 3:19; Isa. 37:16; 42:5; 45:18; Jer. 10:12; 32:17; 51:15; Acts 4:24; 14:15; 17:24; Rev. 4:11; 14:7).

16:30b This is imagery for the certainty of God's plans.

16:31 "the heavens" Notice how nature is personified in 1 Chr. 16:21-33.

  1. heaven (cf. Isa. 44:23; 49:13)
  2. earth (cf. Ps. 96:11; 98:7)
  3. sea and sea life (Ps. 96:11)
  4. field (cf. Ps. 96:12)
  5. tree (cf. Isa. 44:23; 55:12)

SPECIAL TOPIC: HEAVEN

▣ "the Lord reigns" This is powerful imagery of God's sovereignty (i.e., Revelation 4-5). This VERB (BDB 573, KB 590, Qal PERFECT) is used in three temporal senses.

  1. His reign ‒ here; Ps. 93:1; 26:16; 97:1; 99:1; Isa. 52:7
  2. He reigns forever ‒ Ps. 10:66; 29:10
  3. He will reign ‒ Exod. 15:18; Ps. 146:10; Isa. 24:23; Mic. 4:7

For NT usage see SPECIAL TOPIC: REIGNING IN THE KINGDOM OF GOD.

16:33 "for He is coming to judge the earth" For those who know Him it is a wonderful day of personal reunion, but for those who do not, it is a tragedy of unspeakable, eternal separation.

For the Hebrew term "judgment" see SPECIAL TOPIC: JUDGE, JUDGMENT, and JUSTICE IN ISAIAH.

SPECIAL TOPIC: JUDGMENT IN THE NT

16:34 "for He is good" This ADJECTIVE (BDB 373 II) is very common. It is often used of God Himself (cf. 2 Chr. 5:13; 7:3; Ezra 3:11; Ps. 25:8; 34:8; 80:5; 100:5; 106:1; 107:1; 118:1,29; 135:3; 136:1; Jer. 33:11). This speaks to the very character of God.

SPECIAL TOPIC: CHARACTERISTICS OF ISRAEL'S GOD (OT)

SPECIAL TOPIC: CHARACTERISTICS OF ISRAEL'S GOD (NT)

▣ "lovingkindness" See SPECIAL TOPIC: LOVINGKINDNESS (hesed).

▣ "everlasting" See note at 1 Chr. 16:15. Together these two terms form a recurrent refrain (cf. 1 Chr. 16:34,41; 2 Chr. 5:13; 7:3,6; 20:21; Ezra 3:15; Ps. 100:5; 106:1; 107:1; Jer. 33:11).

16:35 "save us. . .deliver us" These are both IMPERATIVES (see note at 1 Chr. 16:8-36). They each have the connotation of

  1. physical deliverance
  2. spiritual security

SPECIAL TOPIC: SALVATION (OT Term)

▣ "gather us" This also is an IMPERATIVE (BDB 867, 1062, Piel IMPERATIVE). Remember, Chronicles is written in the post-exilic period when the Jews, exiled to Mesopotamia, are allowed to return to Judah. However, they face opposition from their neighbors (i.e., "deliver us from the nations"). The returning Jews (cf. Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, Zechariah) thanked God for deliverance from

  1. the ANE powers
  2. the local Persian provinces

This phrase reflects the promise of Deut. 30:1-10.

▣ "holy" See SPECIAL TOPIC: HOLY.

16:36 "blessed" See SPECIAL TOPIC: BLESSING (OT).

Lord This title for Deity is used so often in this psalm.

See SPECIAL TOPIC: NAMES FOR DEITY.

  1. Elohim/God, C
  2. YHWH/Lord, D

▣ "Amen" See SPECIAL TOPIC: AMEN.

NASB (UPDATED) TEXT:16:37-42
37So he left Asaph and his relatives there before the ark of the covenant of the Lord to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required; 38and Obed-edom with his 68 relatives; Obed-edom, also the son of Jeduthun, and Hosah as gatekeepers. 39He left Zadok the priest and his relatives the priests before the tabernacle of the Lord in the high place which was at Gibeon, 40to offer burnt offerings to the Lord on the altar of burnt offering continually morning and evening, even according to all that is written in the law of the Lord, which He commanded Israel. 41With them were Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest who were chosen, who were designated by name, to give thanks to the Lord, because His lovingkindness is everlasting. 42And with them were Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those who should sound aloud, and with instruments for the songs of God, and the sons of Jeduthun for the gate.

16:37 David assigned some Levites to serve the ark (wherever it was) in 1 Chr. 16:37-38. He also appointed other Levites to serve at the high place of Gibeon (cf. 1 Kgs. 3:5; 9:2). Apparently the original tabernacle tent remained at Gibeon (cf. 2 Chr. 1:13).

16:39 "at Gibeon" The tabernacle was first set up at Gilgal (Jos. 4:15-5:12; 2 Chr. 1:3-6). After that it went to:

  1. Shiloh ‒ Jos. 18:1; 19:51; 1 Sam. 2:22
  2. Gibeon ‒ 1 Chr. 16:39-40; 2 Chr. 1:3-6
  3. Jerusalem ‒ 1 Chr. 23:25

16:40 This verse relates to Exod. 29:38-42 and Num. 28:3,4.

▣ "offering continually morning and evening" This became known as the "continual" (cf. Exod. 29:38-45; Lev. 6:20; Num. 4:16; 28:3-8; Ezra 3:5; Ezek. 46:13-15; Dan. 8:11-13; 11:31; 12:11). It was two of the three times of daily prayer (i.e., morning and evening).

NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 16:43
43Then all the people departed each to his house, and David returned to bless his household.

16:43 "David returned to bless his household" The AB (p. 118) thinks this phrase should be understood as saying that David went home and saluted his own family/household.

The NET Bible (p. 654) thinks it refers to David dedicating his newly built palace to God.

It is interesting that the parallel in 2 Sam. 6:20-23 about Michal, is omitted. In 2 Sam. 6:18 it says, "David blessed the people in the name of the Lord." 1 Chronicles 16 does not mention this but instead says, "David returned to bless his household."

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Each of us must walk in the light we have. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. You must not relinquish this to a commentator.

These discussion questions are provided to help you think through the major issues of this section of the book. They are meant to be thought-provoking, not definitive.

  1. Are the ark and tabernacle tent separate?
  2. How does 1 Chr. 16:3 fit ANE sacrifice?
  3. Does 1 Chr. 16:7 imply that David assigned Levites or that David gave Asaph this Psalm?
  4. What does it mean "to seek the Lord"?
  5. Does the Hebrew word "forever" always mean "forever"?
  6. List the places in this Psalm (1 Chr. 16:8-36) that have a universal element.
  7. What does the last phrase of 1 Chr. 16:43 mean?

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