Free Bible Commentaries

SPECIAL TOPICS
By Dr. Bob Utley, Professor of Hermeneutics, retired

The following Special Topics are taken from our verse-by-verse commentaries. They deal with:

  1. Word studies
  2. Theological issues
  3. Hermeneutical issues
  1. Cultural issues
  2. Geographical issues
  3. "Hot button" issues in the church today

We hope this will be a quick way for you to access these topics.

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

 

A

Aaron's son
Abaddon. . .Apollyon
"Abiding" in John's Writings
Abomination (OT)
Abomination of Desolation
Abound (periseuo)
Above Reproach (qualifications for church leaders)
Abbreviations Used in Commentaries
Additions to Deuteronomy
Adoptionism
Acacia Wood
Adultery (Exodus 20:14)
Age (see Human Aging)
Age of Accountability
Age and Formation of Earth
This Age and the Age to Come
Alcohol - Alcoholism
The Alexandrian School of Biblical Interpretation
The Almighty
Almsgiving
Altar of Incense
Altar of Sacrifice
Amen
Amorite
Anakim (see Giants)
Ancient Near Eastern Calendars
ANE Creation and Flood Myths
ANE Sacred Colors
Ancient Near East Weights and Volumes
The Angel of the LORD
Angelic Levels in Paul's Writings
Angels and Demons
Anointing in the Bible
Anthropomorphic Language to describe God
The Antichrist
The Antiochian School of Biblical Interpretation
Any Moment Return of Christ vs. Not Yet
Apocalyptic Literature
Apostasy (aphistemi)
Apostle (see "Send")
Apostle's Names
Aquila and Prisca/Priscilla
Arche (beginning or origin)
Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 25:10-22; 37:1-9)
Armageddon
Arminianism
Ascension
Assurance (also see "Christian Assurance")
Atonement
Author/Leader (archegos)
Authority (exousia)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

B

Baking Bread
Baptism
Baptism for the Dead (1 Cor. 1:29)
Baptism of the Spirit
Barnabas
Be Made Strong
The Beatitudes
Beelzebul
Believe (noun, verb, adjective) in the NT
Believe (pisteuo) in John
Believe, Trust, Faith, and Faithfulness in the OT
Believers' Inheritance
Bernice
Bible (Bob's presuppositions)
Bible (it's uniqueness and inspiration)
Birth Pains of the new age
Bishops/Overseers
Blameless, Innocent, Guiltless, Without Reproach
Blessing (OT)
Blood
Boasting (NT)
Bob's Evangelical Biases
Bob's Doctrinal Statement
Body and Spirit
Boldness (parrhesia)
The Two Books of God
Born Again
The Branch of the Lord (Messianic title)
Breastplate of the High Priest
Breath, Wind, Spirit
Burial Practices
Burial Spices

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

C

Call on the Name (Isa. 12:4)
Called
Calvinism
Canon
Canon (Hebrew)
Canon (NT)
Carnal Christians
Celibacy and Marriage
Certificate of Divorce
Chaldeans
Characteristics of Israel's God (OT)
Characteristics of Israel's God (NT)
Chariots
Chart of the Apostles Names
Cherubim
The Children of God
He Chose Us
Christ Jesus as Lord
The Christian and Lawsuits
Christian Assurance
Christian Freedom vs Christian Responsibility
Christian Growth (characteristics)
Christianity Is Corporate
Church (ekklesia)
Church Polity
The Circle of the Earth (i.e., dome, skin, vault)
Cities (the Two Cities in Isaiah)
Cities of Refuge
Coins in Use in Palestine in Jesus' Day
Comfort
Coming On the Clouds
Commandment in John's Writings
Confession/Profession
Conscience
Consequences of Idolatry
Consider
Corinth
Cornerstone
Covenant
Covenant Promises to the Patriarchs
Covenant Requirements of Israel
Coveting
Creation and Flood Accounts in the ANE
Cremation
Crowns for Believers
Crucial Introductory Articles to NT Apocalyptic
Crucifixion
Cubit
Curse (OT)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

D

Date of the Exodus
Day (yom)
That Day
The Day of the Lord (NT)
Deacon
Deaconess
The Dead, Where Are They? (Sheol/Hades, Gehenna, Tartarus)
The Death Penalty in Israel
Paul's Defense in Acts (common elements)
The Deity of Christ from the OT
Degrees of Rewards and Punishment
Delayed Second Coming
The Demonic (unclean spirits) in the NT
The Demonic in the OT
Destroy, Ruin, Corrupt (phtheiro)
Destruction (apollumi)
Deuteronomy (later additions)
Devil
The Disciples' Questions (Matt. 24:3)
Diviner
Divisions of the Hebrew Bible (Canon)
Divorce
Does Any Believer Ever Fall Away? (aphistemi)
"Door" in the NT
A Great Red Dragon (from Rev. 12)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

E

Eastern Literature (biblical paradoxes)
Eden
Edify
Edom and Israel
Effective Prayer
Eighth Century Prophets (the historical setting)
Elder
Election
Election/Predestination and the Need for A Theological Balance
Elementary Priciples (stoiceia)
Emim (see Giants)
Empires of Mesopotamia
Empty, Vain, False, Nothingness
End or Full (telos)
Ephesus
Ephod
Equipping the Saints
Eschatology
Eternal (aionios)
Eternal Punishment (Hell)
Evidence (NT) of One's Salvation
Excommunication
Exodus 20:13-17
The Exodus (uncertainties)
Exorcism

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

F

Faith (pistis)
The Faith (NT)
The Fall (Genesis 3 in the NT)
The Fall of Satan and His Angels
Falling From Grace?
Fasting
Father
Fatherhood of God
Fear (OT)
Feasts of Israel
Fertility Worship of the Ancient Near East
Filled With the Spirit
Fire
Firstborn
Flesh (sarx)
Food Laws (see OT Food Laws)
Foolish People (terms)
Foreknowledge
Forever (Greek idiom)
Forever ('olam)
Forgiveness in the OT
Form (tupos)
Forty-Two Months (from Daniel)
The Foundations of the Earth ("from" or "before")
Frankincense

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

G

Gamaliel
Garments of High Priest
Gehenna (Where Are the Dead?)
Generous/Sincere (haplotes)
Giants
Glory (apaugasma)
Glory (doxa, NT)
Glory (kabod, OT)
Glossary
Gnosticism
God Almighty (El Shaddai)
God Described As Human (anthropomorphism)
God Hardened
The God of This World (2 Cor. 4:4)
Godliness (from the Pastorals)
God Tests His People (OT)
The Gospel
Government
Grace, Mercy, Peace in Paul
The Great Tribulation
The Greatest Commandment
Greek Grammatical Terms
Greek Terms for Testing and Their Connotations
Grieving Rites
Guarantee (bebaios)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

H

Hades
Haggai
Hand
Hang
Head (kephale)
Head Coverings
Healing
Heart
Heaven
The Heavens and the Third Heaven
Hebrew Grammar
Hebrew Poetry
Hermeneutical Approach to Genesis 1-11
Herod Agrippa II
Herod and His Family
Herodians
Historical Allusions to Persian Kings
Hittite (Suzerain) Treaties
Holy
The Holy One
Homosexuality
Hope
Horns Used By Israel
The Hour
Household Baptisms
Human Aging
Human Sexuality
Human Speech
Hunger
Husband of One Wife
Hypocrites (in Matthew)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

I

Idolatry, consequences of
Illumination
Immanuel's Person and Reign (Isa. 9:6-7)
Inspiration
Intercessory Prayer
Interpreting Genesis 1-11
Interpreting Parables
Is Healing God's Plan for Every Age?
Isaiah (authorship and unity)
Iscariot
Israel (the name)
Israel's Mandated Response to Canaanite Fertility Worship

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

J

James, the Half Brother of Jesus
Jebus
Jerusalem
Jesus and the Spirit
Jesus As High Priest
Jesus' Baptism
Jesus Christ as Lord
Jesus the Nazarene
Jesus' Post-resurrection Appearances
The Any-Moment Return of Jesus vs. The Not Yet
Jesus' Return
Jews
John 1 Compared to I John 1
John 6 (The Lord's Supper in John)
John's Use of Believe with prepositions
Judas Iscariot
Judge, Judgment, Justice in Isaiah
Judgment in the NT
The Judgment Seat of Christ
Judging (Should Christians Judge One Another?)

K

Keep
The Kerygma of the Early Church
The Kingdom of God
Kings of the Divided Kingdom
Kings of Egypt
Kings of Greece
Kings of Assyria
Kings of Persia
Know
Koinonia (fellowship)
Kosmos (in Paul)
Ktisis

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

L

The Lake of Fire
Lampstand
Land, Country, Earth (OT)
The Last Days (NT)
Laver
Laws in the Ancient Near East
Lawsuits
Laying on of Hands
Leaven
Leviathan
Levitical Priests
Linen
Lions in the Old Testament
Location of Mt. Sinai
Logos (Word)
LORD of Hosts
The LORD Hardened
Lord (kurios)
The Lord's Supper in John 6
The Lord's Supper (order of Passover Service)
Lovingkindness (Hesed)
Lucifer (Isa. 14:12)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

M

Magic
Male Headship
Manna
Matthew 27:9
Medo-Persian Empire Survey of the Rise of Cyrus II
Maranatha
Melchizedek
Mercy Seat
Messiah
The Messianic Era
The Millennium
Molech
Monotheism
Moriah, Salem, Jebus, Jerusalem, Zion
Moon Worship
Mosaic Law and the Christian
Moses' Authorship of the Pentateuch
Mount Sinai (Location)
Murder (Exodus 20:13)
My Servant
Mystery

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

N

Names for Deity
The Name of the Lord (NT)
"The Name" of YHWH (OT)
Natural Resources
Nazarene
Nazirite Vow
The Need to Persevere
Nephilim
The Night Trial of Jesus Before the Sanhedrin (Matt. 26:57-55)
No Idols
No Other Gods
NT Holiness/Sanctification
NT Prophecy
NT Terms for Christ's Return
NT Theological Development of the Fall
Null and Void (katargeo)
The Number Twelve

O

Old Things. . .New Things
One Hundred Forty Four Thousand
Ordination
OT Titles of the Special Coming One
The Old Testament as History
The Old Testament Food Laws
Old Testament Historiography Compared with Near Eastern Cultures
Old Testament Historical Narrative
Old Testament Predictions of the Future vs. New Testament Predictions
The Orthodoxy of the Pastorals
OT Prophecy

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

P

Parables, How to Interpret
Paraclete (another Helper)
Paradox in Scripture
Passover
Passover (Order of Service)
Paul's Admonitions to Slaves
Paul's Legal Defense (common elements in Acts)
Paul's Prayer, Praise, and Thanksgiving
Paul's Use of Huper Compounds
Paul's View of the Mosaic Law
Peace (NT)
Peace (OT)
Peace and War
Pentateuch Source Criticism (J, E, D, P)
Perseverance
Persian Kings Related to the Rebuilding of the Temple in Judah
Personal Evil
Personhood of the Spirit
Peter
Pharisees
Pontius Pilate
Porpoise Skins
Possess the Land
Post-Exilic Chart
Poured Out (NT)
Powers of Mesopotamia
Practical Guidelines for How Believers Can Know Their Spiritual Gift
Praetorian Guard
Prayer (see Effective Prayer and Intercessory Prayer)
Prayer (Intercessory)
Prayer, Unlimited Yet Limited
Predestination
Predestination (Calvinism) vs Human Free Will (Arminianism)
Pre-Israelite Inhabitants of Palestine
The Problems and Limitations of Human Language
Prophecy (NT)
Prophecy (OT)
Prophet (the different Hebrew terms)
Prophetic Models vs. Apostolic Models
Propitiation
Punishment (see Degrees of Rewards and Punishment)

Q

Qualifications for Female Church Workers
Questions About Jesus' Return

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

R

Rabbinical Hermeneutical Techniques
Racism
Ransom/Redeem
Rapture
Receive
The Red Dragon
The Red Sea
Refuge (OT)
Reigning in the Kingdom of God
The Remnant, Three Senses
Renew (anakainosis)
Repentance (NT)
Repentance in the OT
Rephaim
Resurrection
Rewards (see Degrees of Rewards and Punishment)
Righteousness
Romans 14:1-15:13, Freedom vs. Responsibility (strong and weak believers)
The Route of the Exodus (uncertainties)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

S

Sabbath (NT)
Sabbath (OT)
Sacrificial Systems of the Ancient Near East
Sadducees
Saints
Salem
Salvation (Greek verb tenses)
Salt
Salvation (OT Term)
Sanctification
Sanhedrin
Sarai/Sarah
Satan
Satanic Attempts to Thwart the Messianic Line in Genesis
Our Savior (title)
Schemes (noema)
Scourged
Scribes
Seal
Second Coming
Delayed Second Coming
Send (apostello), from which comes "apostle"
Seraphim
Sermon on the Mount
My Servant
The Serpent
Servant Leadership
Seven Spirits in Revelation
Seventy Years
Shaddai
Shadow As a Metaphor for Protection and Care
Shalom (peace)
Shame
Sheol (see Hades, Gehenna)
Should Christians Judge One Another?
Show Bread or Bread of the Presence
Sign (OT)
Sin Unto Death (1 John)
Silas - Silvanus
Slaves - Slavery
"Sons of..." (OT)
Son of God
sons of God in Genesis 6
Son of Man
Soon Return
Soothing Aroma
Sophists
Sound Teaching
Speaking in Tongues
Speech
The Spirit and Jesus
Spirit (filling)
Spirit (gift of)
Spirit in the Bible
Spirit (pneuma) In the NT
Spirits in Prison
Spiritual Gifts
Spiritual Warfare
Stand (histemi)
Stealing
Stone to Death
Stubborness (OT)
Submission (hupotasso)
Suffering
A Suffering Messiah
Suicide
Symbolic Numbers in Scripture
Synagogue Service

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

T

Tabernacle Camp
Tabernacle of the Wilderness
SPECIAL TOPIC: TAKING GOD'S NAME IN VAIN
Tall/Powerful Warriors or People Groups
Tarshish
Tartarus (see Sheol)
The Ten Commandments
Tensions Between Old Covenant Prophetic Models and New Covenant Apostolic Models
"Tensions" from Crucial Introduction to Vol. 12, Revelation
Teraphim
Terms for Foolish People
Terms for God's Revelation
Terms Used for Tall/Powerful Warriors or People Groups (Giants)
Testing (peirazo and dokimazo)
God Tests His People (OT)
Textual Criticism
Thanksgiving
That Day
Thessalonica
Thousand (eleph)
Timeline of the Post-Exilic Period
Timothy
Tithe in the Mosaic Legislation
Tithing
Titles for the Special Coming One
Titus
Tongues
Tribulation
The Trinity
Trust (faith)
Truth (the concept) in John's Writings
True (the term) in John's Writings.
Truth in Paul's Writings
Twelve
The Twenty Four Elders
The Two Books of God
The Two "Cities" of Isaiah
The Two Witnesses of Revelation
Typology

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

U

Unintentional Sins
The Unpardonable Sin
Urim and Thummim

V

Vain, Empty, Nothingness
Vices and Virtues
Virgin

W

War in Heaven
The Washing of Regeneration
Waters
Weakness
Wealth
What Does It Mean To "Receive," "Believe," "Confess/Profess," And "Call Upon?"
What Is Sin Unto Death?
Where Are The Dead? (Sheol/Hades, Gehenna, Tartarus)
Why Do Christians Suffer?
Why Do OT Covenant Promises Seem so Different from NT Covenant Promises?
Why God Clothed Adam and Eve with Animal Skins
Why Are End-time Events so Controversial?
The Wildernesses of the Exodus
The Will (thelema) of God
The Windows of Heaven
Wine and Strong Drink
Wisdom Literature
Without Defect
Witnesses to Jesus
A Woman Clothed in Twelve Stars
Women in the Bible
Women in Ministry (Romans 16)
Women Keep Silent (1 Cor. 14:34)
The Women Who Followed Jesus
Women Who Traveled With Jesus and His Disciples
Wonderful Things (OT)
Worship

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z

Y

YHWH's Covenant Requirements of Israel
YHWH's Eternal Redemptive Plan
YHWH's Grace Acts to Israel
YHWH Hardened
Yom (day)

Z

Zechariah
Zamzummin (giants)
Zion

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z